Caring For Your Pet Dove

There are many Dove species found throughout the world but this article will focus on the Ringneck Dove. Sometimes referred to as Collard Doves, Ringneck Doves have developed in captivity to include several color mutations. The most common mutations include;

White Dove

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Blonde

Cream

Pied

Platinum

Ivory

Silver Ivory

Wild (The color found in the wild)

Contrary to popular belief, doves enjoy being handled and are very easily trained. Ringneck Doves have been trained to perform a number of tasks and tricks for the delight of their owners.

Many new dove owners are pleasantly surprised to see the reaction of their bird when they return home from work or other errands. Many compare it to that of a dog. Their Ringneck Dove will begin flapping it’s wings, cooing and showing its genuine joy that you’re home again. When you open the cage door it is almost certain your dove will fly directly to your shoulder. It is a truly rewarding feeling to see this expression of love from your pet.

Lifespan of Ringneck Doves – Doves can live to be 20 to 25 years old, with some reported to live much longer. The key to a long and happy life for your pet Dove is proper care and nutrition.

The Proper Cage – Doves can thrive and even breed in a cage as small as 2ft. x 2ft. If you do house your dove in a small cage like this you should provide it with plenty of time out of the cage. They need the opportunity to fly and stretch their wings. The best rule of thumb is to provide the largest cage you can afford and have space for.

A cage that is longer than it is tall is always best. This allows you to place a perch at each end so your dove can hop or fly from perch to perch. This allows them to get some exercise even when not out of the cage.

Proper Nutrition – There are several commercial brands of dove food on the market. These are readily available online or at your local pet store. Doves also do very well on a good quality wild bird seed mix. A mix that is formulated for a wide range of birds is best when using the wild bird seed. The choice of using a commercial brand of dove feed or a wild mix is a matter of personal preference. The difference in the two is that the commercial seed is better cleaned and processed to eliminate undesired contaminates.

Doves in captivity should not live on a seed only diet. Provide yours with chopped dark green vegetables, as well as chopped hard boiled eggs, shell and all. The egg shell is an excellent source of calcium.

Also be sure to provide a constant supply of properly sized grit. Adding crushed oyster shell will also provide additional calcium.

Don’t Overlook A Dove When Considering Your Next Pet Bird.

Doves have a way of quickly stealing our hearts!

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Food for Budgies

The staple food of budgies in the wild is usually grass seeds. However, in captivity budgies thrive well on a diet of seeds, millets, whole grain breads and sprouts. A varied diet provides all essential nutrients and keeps the budgies well nourished. A varied diet also prevents obesity as opposed to a diet exclusively on seeds.

Place the seeds in a flat dish so that it is easy for removal The feeding can be done once a day. Seeds which have not been eaten by the budgies can be reused. Just blow over the feeding dish to remove the husk and then top up the remaining seeds.

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Budgies also love coriander leaves and greens. Beetroot, spinach, lettuce and cabbage may also be given. Put these leaves into the cage and watch the budgies tear them up into little bits as they eat them. Give only fresh leaves as old or refrigerated leaves may cause digestion problems for the budgies. Remove any leftovers from the cage.

Foods NOT to be given

Do not give Avocados, chocolates, apple seeds, coffee, tea, tomato leaves, peach seeds, eggplant, peanuts, etc to your budgies as these contain substances which can prove to be toxic to the budgies.

Water for Budgies

Budgies need fresh water everyday. Keep a constant supply of water in the cage. Replace the water if it has become soiled. Special water dispensers suited for birds are available. This prevents the water from getting soiled.

In the wild, budgies descend in large groups over water bodies. They love to bathe. You can keep a shallow bow of water and watch them bathe. Bathing water can be provided twice a week.

CuttleBone for Budgies

Budgies, especially female, need calcium as they lay eggs. Calcium deficiency can cause a dangerous condiction called egg binding in female budgies where the eggs, having soft shells due to lack of calcium, get stuck in the vent, causing death.

Hence, it is vital that the diet the budgies eat contains a lot of calcium. The Cuttle bone is a common source of calcium. Cuttle bone as the name suggests comes from the cuttlefish. It is available in all pet stores. The cuttle bone may be placed inside the cage. Some pet owners prefer to crush the cuttlebone into powder and add to the budgies’ food.

You can also provide other sources of calcium for your budgies such as broken eggshells and commercial calcium supplements which are available in the market.

Another alternative would be to use mineral blocks. Mineral blocks are supplements which contain calcium as well as other ingredients such as phosphorus, zinc, Iron, Magnesium, etc necessary for the health of the budgie.

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Personality and Behaviours of Persian Cats

General Description

Persian cats are beautiful, social and harmless pet animal. It is also called Iranian cats or Shirizi cats. The scientific name of this pet animal is Felis catus. Persians have silky shiny fur, round face, glowing eyes and long hairs on whole body. The cats are generally famous for quiet and sweet behaviors. They usually sought permission on entering to gathering. Although, valid reason of its long hair is not known, however, the scientists declared it as a result of natural mutation.

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Origin

In 1626, an Italian citizen Mr. Pietro Della Valle introduced a long-haired cat in Europe at the first time. Probably, it was brought to Europe by traders from Middle East. In the beginning, these cats were known as Asiatic cats and available in one color. The credit goes to Persian scientists, who developed its breed. Now, Persians are found in different colors including bi-color.

Lifespan

The average lifespan of this cat is fifteen years. More than 76% of cats live up to 12 years and 52% of cats live 15 years or more. England veterinary department has declared their average lifespan from 14-17 years. The weight of Persians generally lies between 7 to 12 pounds.

Classification of Persians

In early 17th century, only one type of Persian cats had come into surface, which developed with the passage of time. Presently, there are more than 100 recognized types of Persians, which further distributed into following four main groups:-

1. Group-1. The cats of first group have monochrome hair. Their hair is of the same color from tip to root.

2. Group-2. Persian cats of second group have suppressor gene.

3. Group-3. The cats of third group have Himalayan gene.

4. Group-4. The cats of fourth and last group have agouti gene.

Type of Persian Cats

There are some differences among various international cat associations in classification of Persians. All associations have their own opinion in origin, traits and classification. However, there are main three type of Persian cats i.e. Himalayan, Exotic and Persian. Some scientists have also narrated following types:-

• Himalayan.

• Exotic.

• Persians and Angoras.

• Traditional Persians.

• Peke-face and ultra-typing.

• Toy and teacup sizes.

• Chinchilla Longhair and Sterling.

• Coloration.

Food of Persians

Persian cat belongs to Mammalia class and a carnivore animal. She feeds milk to her kittens. Persians cannot sustain life without consuming meat in some form. Goat milk, pumpkin, fish and vitamin are the best food for Persians. Cats should never be given alcohol or alcoholic beverages, sugar and onions because it can cause serious health problems for them.

Diseases of Persians

Persians generally suffers from following diseases:-

1. Breathing difficulties / problems.

2. Dental problems

3. Kidney diseases

4. Skin problems

5. Excessive tearing

6. Eye diseases

7. Fungal infection

Care and Maintenance

The department explained the cause of death of Persian cats. They are on the opinion that Persians have large round skull, shortened face and nose, which creates difficulties in breathing. The cats usually suffer from breath difficulties due to their facial structure. Moreover, Persians have long hairs, which need regular care and maintenance to prevent matting. They must be bathed and dried carefully on daily basis. Their eyes may be cleaned regularly in order to prevent them from eye diseases.

Personality and Behaviors

Persian cat is a beautiful, calm, sweet and gentle natured pet animal. She enjoys the company of peaceful people. Persian cats are calm in nature but have also a playful side. Cats have strict enmity with dogs.

Pre-Purchase Measures

Some important pre-purchase measures are as under:-

1. Cost of cat.

2. Color combination of Persians.

3. Keep good relations with breeders.

4. Visit to a CFA cat show.

5. CFA registered breed.

6. Keep yourself ready for bathing and brushing on daily basis.

7. Choice between flat-faced or traditional-faced cat.

Keeping of Cats in Islam

Islam is a complete religion and way of life, in which everything is clear. Islamic tradition and society has given respect to cats for their cleanliness. Islam has allowed cats to enter the homes of Muslims, mosques and even in Masjid al-Haram. Islam has permitted Muslims to keep cats in the house being not harmful or impure (Najas). Cats are useful pet animal because they eat snakes, rats and other harmful bugs. The great Sahabi Abu Hurayrah (father of the kitten) was called because of his love with cats.

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Munchkin Cats – What You Should Know

The unusual look of the Munchkin cat does not in any way affect its confidence and outgoing nature. This cat breed loves wrestling with friends and playing just like any other ordinary cat save for the short legs that are unique to it. It has been dubbed as the magpie of cat species thanks to its habit of borrowing shiny small objects that it keeps away for later play. Besides the cat’s playful nature, it does have hunter instinct and it will definitely chase up mice and any moving objects. It however, generally prefers snuggling more than it does hunting. The cats are suited for home environments and have become popular pets for cat lovers.

General appearance – These cats come in different colors and they can have short or long hairs. All of the munchkins however, have miniature look and short legs. Their eyes are walnut shaped, round and big. They tend to maintain that kitten like appearance all through their lives, making them simply adorable especially by children.

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The coats – Munchkins which are shorthaired usually spot medium-plush coats whereas the long haired ones will usually come with semi-long silky coats. With this in mind, the cats do not require too much grooming Brushing your long haired cat twice a week and short haired cat once every week is enough to keep them looking good.

The legs – Their short legs are the main identifying character. The short nature allows the cats to be extremely fast. The munchkins are amazing pouncers and sprinters but they do not jump as high as other breeds would. The hind legs seem to be longer than forelegs but even with the shortness they will jump on furniture and climb just like other cats.

The body – This breed of cats is small to medium in terms of body size. Most fully grown cars will weigh between 5 pounds and 9 pounds. But even when they small bodies, they are muscular and stocky. They may have short legs but they have a very normal physique.

The backs – Unlike short legged dogs which tend to suffer spinal issues, the munchkin cats do not develop any spinal problems even with their short stature. This is probably because a cat’s spine is quite different from that of a dog.

Cat temperaments – Munchkins are pretty active and will constantly be exploring the environment around them. They love socializing with both children and adults, and will not use their claws as often. They are patient, sweet and gentle and love to be cuddled and pet. Their loving gentle nature however puts them at risk with stray dogs and cats. It is best that they are kept indoors for safety purposes.

Cat health – These cats generally live healthy, normal lives, especially considering that they do not develop any spine and hip issues. It is however still of importance to ensure that you get your cat from breeders with written health assurance. To maintain the overall good health, you should take measures to protect your cat from obesity issues; watch cat diet to help it maintain the appropriate weight.

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Are You Aware Of These Cat Tongue Facts?

Cat lovers spend lots of time detailing about different things that are remarkable about felines. It can be their eyes that can see in the dark, super-sensitive whiskers on their faces and legs and their paw pads which are tailor-made for silent stalking. We can go on and on about the different features of cats. But the one thing that stands out in a feline‘s body is their tongue. It has been researched and found out by mechanical engineers at Georgia Tech employing 3D technology that a cat’s tongue is more like a sandpaper. It is more like an ultimate hairbrush that aids in grooming the kitty.

The cat’s tongue also consists of small, backward-facing barbs made up of keratin, the material that is in your fingernails. A single swipe of your cat’s brush like tongue not only detangles your kitty’s fur, but also gets rid of any knots, thereby removing dirt and fleas. It even spreads beneficial oils all over the cat’s body and even improves blood circulation.

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Let us now look at some of the interesting facts about a cat’s tongue:

The rough stuff on your cat’s tongue are known as papillae

You get a rough sensation when your kitty licks. It is as a result of papillae on its tongue. Although we, humans also have papillae known as taste buds they feel unusually distinct. Papillae on a cat’s tongue are longer and have more keratin which gives them the abrasive, dry feeling. There has been no scientific research to prove the reason for which the cat’s papillae looks and feels so different, but they do play a crucial role in assisting cats to stay hygienic and flourishing.

Cats cannot taste sweets, but they may taste other things that human beings cannot

After years of research it has been found that cats do not perceive sugar as done by most mammals. But the same study clarifies that cats can taste other things that human beings cannot like adenosine triphosphate, a compound that supplies energy in every living cell.

Cat’s tongue plays a critical role in their health

Cat’s tongue is the most engaging part of their anatomy. The tongue aids in licking the cat’s coats thereby keeping it clean. It even regulates their body temperatures, stuffing up the fur in the winter and wetting it down with the aid of saliva to stay air-cooled in blistering summer days. It even collects fur, fleas, skin flakes and dirt. These debris are swallowed by the feline and digested by the stomach acid. If it cannot be digested properly, this is particularly a case for long-haired or older cats, then hairballs may form. This can result in problems if the hairballs are not fully digested. Long-haired cats use their tongue to groom themselves, which aids in getting rid of loose hair.

If your kitty is not grooming herself, it can point towards a health concern

If your cat’s tongue is not grooming the feline then it is time to visit your veterinarian. Poor grooming can be due to obesity, disease, malnutrition, pain and other issues. Most cats are very fastidious about their appearance and their ability to clean themselves, which makes them feel good. Overweight cats have tangled fur and flaky skin on the lower parts of the body which can increase their discomfort.

Even if your feline is overgrooming herself it can be due to stress or other issues

If you see bald spots developing in the cat, it is time to rush to your veterinarian. The veterinarian would help you ascertain whether the kitty is pulling down hair with the aid of the tongue, or losing it due to a problem. Due to stress and emotional issues the feline’s tongue goes into the hyper-grooming drive. There can be other causes too, including: allergy, mites and thyroid conditions.

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How to Handle Nervous Cats

A few cats are extremely calm. But not all cats are tolerant and silent, you’ll often face cats having aggressive and eager behavior. Such cats may cause some worry or disappointment for their masters despite the fact that their owners are willing to do everything to make their pets happy. If you consider yourself to be such a cat master, then you need to focus on increasing your knowledge regarding cats and their behaviors in order to keep your cat calmer and relax.

What is Behind Your Cat’s Nervousness?

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There are a lot of factors which can make your pet cat confuse and nervous. The most common cause for such nervousness is fear. You need to make sure that nothing in your home or surroundings is making the cat nervous or afraid. Also, if your cat has an unforgettable negative experience during the childhood, then such an incident or experience can lead to uncomfortable attitude. These negative childhood experiences can be of various types such as facing homelessness, improper treatment, bad social life experience related to cats, humans, dogs or even other species.

Similarly, change in environment can also make the cat feel nervous. For example, if you just purchased your cat and bring him/her home, then this change in environment can also make the cat feel confused or uncomfortable. But such situations can easily be improved with the passage of time, once your pet spent some time with you and your family provided no major trouble exists in the environment.

If you see your cat is trying to hide from others, don’t panic. Keep in mind that if you’ll provide her proper environment, she will soon overcome her nervousness. Hopefully, after some time, she will prefer to play with you instead of preferring to live in isolation.

This is a fact that most cats have an instinct for survival. This trait can lead to fight or flight reaction in particular situation which may cause the cat to run away or hide somewhere. Also, the presence of other cats in the surroundings can make the cat more nervous and it is observed that new cats often show defensive behavior in such situations. But such a situation keeps getting better day by day, all you need to do is to show some patience and wait.

There are times when your cat will be ill and like everybody else, cats consider illness as a scary situation. Therefore, you need to keep in mind that during the time of illness, your cat can show anxious behavior. Try to take your cat to doctor as soon as possible in order to get her out of discomfort and illness. This will surely help to make the cat healthy and relaxed in a minimal amount of time.

The presence of other pets especially dogs can also be a source of nervousness among cats. But no need to worry here as well, with the passage of time, your cat will adjust with dogs or other pets.

Conclusion

The main thing you must understand is that cats are basically sensitive species and needs proper love, care and safe environment to live happily and comfortably. Just provide the proper environment to your pet cats and surely, you’ll get rid of all the problems related to your pet’s behavior. However, this may take some time, so be patient.

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Cages and Toys for Budgies

Choosing a cage for your Budgies is extremely important. The following are some of the tips for someone searching for a suitable cage for their budgies.

Budgies are extremely active birds. When choosing a cage it is important to ensure that the cage is wide enough for the birds to fly across the cage and exercise themselves.

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Place two perches on either ends of the cages for the birds to perch themselves. The perches should be at least an half an inch thick to prevent damage to the budgies’ feet.

The bars of the bars should be spaced not more than 1/2 inch apart. A larger spacing can cause budgies to stick their heads out of the cage with the risk of the head getting trapped between the bars.

There should be a sufficient number of horizontal bars as budgies are avid climbers and love to climb the cage walls.

The cage should ideally be rectangular in shape. Avoid circular cages as they make budgies a bit insecure.

The cage should have a removable tray at the bottom to remove waste and keep the cage clean.

The cage should have doors which can be secured effectively. Budgies are clever birds and will soon find a way to open doors that are not adequately fastened.

Budgies are intelligent and playful creatures. They love to play with toys, bits of paper and whatever they can find. It is good to provide your budgies with toys they can play with. The adage “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy” holds true for Budgies too.

Selecting Toys for your Budgies

A wide varieties of toys are available for your budgies. Rings, steps, geometric blocks and a whole lot of designs. Budgies love climbing and toys such as a block of steps provide endless entertainment to budgies. Bells are another great idea. Rings and hoops hung from the ceiling of the budgie cage provide interesting perches.

Beads also make good toys for your birds. Beads can be used individually or strung up into beautiful shapes which can also look decorative.

A mirror placed in the cage also provides entertainment for your budgies

When designing or buying toys for your budgies you must take some precautions.

The toys should not be painted as paint can be toxic.

Do not use metals such as zinc or lead in the toys

Wood if used should be untreated.

Do not use glue.

Toys should not have small holes or cracks/splits in which the feet of the birds can get caught.

Check the toys for sharp edges which can injure the bird.

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Interesting Tidbits About Birds

Bird lovers know that these inquisitive and social creatures make ideal pets that can provide plenty of entertainment and companionship. While all birds need basic housing, nutritious food and plenty of watchful care, it is important to understand the features that are unique to each species that may affect their health and happiness. Whether you are considering a pet bird or already have one of your own, check out these interesting tidbits about birds that can provide more insight into their behavior.

Birds Can Outlive Their Owner

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Before choosing a bird as a pet, it is important for you to know that many birds have extremely long life spans. Canaries, budgies and lovebirds can all live eight years or more, and macaws and cockatoos can live well beyond 40 years. For this reason, many bird owners appoint a guardian for their bird to ensure continuous care in the event that it outlives them.

Mushrooms are Harmful to Birds

While you can watch as your pet bird happily gobbles up many of the fresh fruits and vegetables that you put on your plate, it may come as a surprise that certain foods are on the forbidden list. Mushrooms are one that can be especially dangerous because the stems and caps of certain types have led to liver failure in birds. They also cause digestive disorders in parrots.

Birds Use Body Language to Communicate

Most pet owners are familiar with common actions performed by dogs and cats to communicate with their companions, but birds also convey emotions through shifting their feathers and assuming a specific stance. For example, loose, ruffled feathers may mean that a bird is happy; however, flared wings or shoulders may mean that a bird is either getting ready to fight or interested in courting. Many people are also surprised to find that birds will sometimes wag their tails as a greeting to their owner.

Even Small Birds Eat a Lot

When observing birds, it is easy to notice that it seems they are always eating. Whether they are outdoors eating small insects or a pet consuming their nutritious feed, it is necessary for a bird to eat at least half their body weight each day to be able to survive. Pet owners should be conscious of this fact so that they can plan their bird’s feeding routine accordingly. Birds also prefer variety in their diet so include the occasional treat in your pet’s bowl.

Sensory Stimulation is Important for Happiness

Due to the social nature of birds, it is critical to provide them with constant stimulation that they can use to keep boredom at bay and find comfort. Colorful toys, jingly bells and climbing structures can all enhance a bird’s cage. Birds also notice change in their environment so you may want to trade out toys from time to time. If you must leave your bird alone during the day, use a radio or television to provide auditory stimulation that is similar to social conversations.

Interacting with your bird regularly has its share of rewards. Through chirps, mimicking and even repeating words, this pet can show happiness and forge a long lasting bond with its owner. Understanding and responding to the finer nuances that make birds unique will enhance your relationship with your favorite avian companion while safeguarding their health and longevity.

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Basic Tricks for Birds

Birds are clever animals and are good companion pets. They can be taught easily with the right training preparation and techniques. Being able to teach a pet a new trick is a very rewarding experience for its owner. Training animals will not just make them smarter. It is also a good ground to build a trusting relationship with them and to eventually understand them better.

The first thing to remember when training a bird is to be realistic with your goals. Just like any other animals, a bird has its own nature and character. You must always remember that they also have good days and bad days. There are times when they seem so sharp and can be easily trained. However, there are also occasions wherein they will not follow commands despite of your extreme effort. The important thing is to learn their cues and to understand their moods. Birds have short attention span. Therefore, it is best to train them for just 15 minutes per session. You can do this for 2-3 times a day.

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The most basic thing that your bird should learn is how to step-up on your finger. When teaching this trick, make sure to always position yourself above your pet and never below. You should always look higher or taller from your pet’s point of view. This position tells it that you are its master and no one else. This will teach your bird that you have the authority and that it should focus.

To teach your pet to step on your finger, you may use the command “step-up”. What you need to do is to position your finger against the lower breast of your bird, a litter higher than its feet. Talk with it through your magic words and persuade it to step on your finger. When it obeys, you can reward it with praises or treats. You can say “good job”. Repeat the stepping-up trick and the verbal commands until your bird has the interest. But make sure to end it when it starts to show boredom cues.

Towel training is very important for your bird to learn. Training your bird to be familiar to towels is important because you will be utilizing towels for different petting situations. Towels are used in giving medication, hygiene or when treating an injury. During the towel training, make sure to only use white colored towel and nothing else. Bright colored towels may frighten your pet and affect its concentration. For your bird to get accustomed to the towel, you can start by placing treats on the cloth to entice your pet to step on it and eventually to become comfortable with it. Once it is already accustomed with it, you can try wrapping its behind and placing your other hand’s thumb and middle finger at the sides of the neck and the index finger on the top of its head to stabilize the neck.

Teaching birds what not to bite is also a useful trick. You can use a biting stick to teach your bird what is appropriate to bite and what is not. Chopsticks can be used as biting sticks. Position the stick within the bird’s reach and encourage it to bite. When the bird obeys, praise it and give it some treats. This will give your bird the idea that only the biting stick is allowed to be bitten. Veterinary approved deterrent called bitter apple spray can also be used to safeguard your furniture from your pet’s biting tendencies. You just have to spray it to the things that you do not want to be bitten by your pet.

Training pets requires a lot of patience and commitment. Start with the most basic and progress to more complex ones as time goes by. Mutual trust and respect is built between the owner and the pet along the training sessions. Rewarding them with their favorite treats from time to time will help you to motivate them and win their focus.

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Discover How You Can Have The Best Budgie Aviary In Town

A purpose-built budgie aviary needs to complement the colourful personalities of its inmates. Here are three important design features that should be incorporated in every budgie aviary.

1. Type of Aviary

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A walk in aviary fixed to the ground is ideal for budgerigars. While it can take any shape in order to fill whatever space is available, a square or rectangular aviary is usually best and the most economical because it can be easily subdivided. There needs to be an indoor area to provide shelter and an outdoor area where the birds can enjoy the fresh air. The main advantages of this design are:

it allows budgies to fossick on the ground for food.

it provides more room and better flying space from the ground up to the roof

it can be planted with plants and shrubs to simulate the natural environment.

it is easy for people to enter and move around inside, which makes the tasks of cleaning the aviaries and catching the birds much simpler.

2. Perches

Budgies stand for most of their lives, and so, in order to prevent foot problems, their feet need to be exercised by standing on different-sized perches made of different materials.

Natural wood perches are best, as they have a variety of diameters and are good to chew on. Rope perches are also excellent, being made of a different, softer material and offering a variety of sizes.

Budgies are energetic so exercise is essential for their good health and quality of life. They need plenty of space to fly around in. Thus perches should be placed in a sheltered area out in the open, and arranged so they don’t impede flight and allow the budgies to fly the longest distances possible.

3. Play Areas

Third, budgies are playful, and highly intelligent, and so need play areas where they can amuse themselves. These areas should have baths, greenery, and toys such as bells, ropes, and swings. Other toys that are easily shredded also appeal to their natural inquisitiveness (and natural destructiveness!). A clever trick if the flight has a netting roof is to lay an irrigation hose over the top of the aviary so that the birds can take a shower on hot days.

If you are serious about the health and well-being of your feathered friends, then you need to have a first class budgie aviary. Don’t forget, budgerigars can live for up to 15 years – and so having them as pets is a long-term commitment.

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